[Gfoss] "Being open about standards"

(scusate cross-posting)

Il 10 giugno Neelie Kroes, Commissario UE responsabile della
Concorrenza [1], ha tenuto un discorso su "uso di standard aperto per
l'eGovernment" [2], invitando le autorità pubbliche di non imporre
standard proprietari sui cittadini.
Il discorso segue la petizione presentata nel mese di maggio da parte
della comunità open source contro il Parlamento europeo [3].

[1] http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/kroes/index_it.html
[2] http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/08/317&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
[3] http://openparliament.eu/petizione/view?set_language=it


qui sotto il messaggio di Roger Longhorn alla mailing list EGIP

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Roger Longhorn <ral@alum.mit.edu>
Sent by: owner-egip@jrc.it

19/06/2008 11.07

Please respond to
EGIP <european-gi-policy@jrc.it>, GSDI Legal-Economic Work Grouup
EU Competition Commissioner backs open standards in eGovernment

From EDRI-gram this week:

1. EU Competition Commissioner backs open standards in eGovernment

The EU Competition Commissioner, Neelie Kroes, publicly supported the
use of
open source software in eGovernment, in a public speech at a seminar hosted
by OpenForum Europe in Brussels on 10 June 2008.

Kroes encouraged the public institutions to use open standards, underlining
the positive example of Munich that have implemented open standards in
local eGovernment projects. She suggested a much more active role of the
European Commission in promoting open standards in eGovernment
by adopting an internal policy not to buy proprietary software: "The
Commission must do its part. It must not rely on one vendor, it must not
accept closed standards and it must refuse to become locked into a
particular technology."

The EU Commissioner's speech shows an indirect support to the Open
Parliament petition initiated in March 2008 by OpenForum Europe, The
European Software Market Association and the Free Software Foundation
asking the European Parliament to change its ICT system in order to allow
the adoption of open standards.

Also Kroes praised the benefits of open standards: "No citizen
or company should be forced or encouraged to choose a closed technology
an open one, through a government having made that choice first." She also
encouraged the business customers to make a difference by promoting open
standards: "I know a smart business decision when I see one. Choosing open
standards is a very smart business decision indeed."

Kroes mentioned a number of competition cases in ICT that are investigated
by the Commission in relation with ICT standards, giving as examples Apple,
the mobile phone company Qualcomm and chip maker Rambus. Also she clearly
referred to Microsoft when she mentioned the problems with the well-known
fines against the US software producer: "The Commission has never before
to issue two periodic penalty payments in a competition case."

Some MEPs wanted to go further and asked the European Commission if
Microsoft could not be banned from the European public procurements, since
it has been fined by the Commission. Heide Rühle, internal market policy
spokeswoman for the Greens in the European Parliament, explained that there
were provisions of the public procurement EU Directive that allow the
exclusion of applicants from public procurement procedures if "they have
been convicted of an offence concerning their professional conduct by a
judgement which has the force of res judicata or they have been guilty of
grave professional misconduct proven by any means which the contracting
authority can justify".

But the European Commission rejected these arguments in its answer
explaining that, according to the Directive, the exclusion was not
obligatory. EC claimed that the fine did not count as an "criminal
conviction of a criminal offence by a final judgement from a Court". Also
the second provision should "require a case-by-case assessment which can
only be done in the framework of an on-going procurement procedure."

Kroes calls for open standards in eGovernment (10.06.2008)


Roger Longhorn
co-Chair, GSDI Association Legal & Socioeconomic Working Group
EGIP Archive: http://www.ec-gis.org/egip/


Piergiorgio Cipriano

("perchè la terra dei cachi è la terra dei cachi ..!")